Rottweilers are a common dog breed in the United States. It is known for its loyalty, power, intelligence, and confidence. Another reason for its familiarity is its service in the police and military for many years.
Rotties are easy to train and low-maintenance dogs. The weight of most of the Rottweilers ranges from 80 to 135 lbs, their body color is black over there is tan marking, and they have floppy ears.
Let us dive into the topic to know some facts about the Rottweiler dog breed.
Common Characteristics of Rottweilers
The size of a Rottweiler may vary depending on sex and age. According to FCI standards, the male Rottie should be 25 to 27 inches tall and 110 to 135 pounds by weight. The size of a female Rottweiler must be 22 to 24 inches and 80 to 115 lbs.
Rotties are confident, friendly, courageous, intelligent dogs with strong perceptions. They are affectionate with the family and with strangers, and they take a pause to understand behavior.
Male rottweilers are more courageous and keep an eye on their surroundings. Instead, females are a little bit more affectionate. The personality and temperament may differ based on their training.
Rotties are healthy, strong, and powerful dogs, but like other pets, they may get some illness. If you have decided to adopt a rottweiler, you should know some health illnesses that are associated with these butcher dogs.
You have to check these health clearances if you are buying these pups.
i. Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
Hip and elbow dysplasia are hereditary conditions in which the hip of the elbow bone can not fit in the hip or elbow joint, respectively. You can only identify this problem by X-ray analysis.
Just like human hypothyroidism is the deficiency of thyroid hormone inside the body. The puppies having hypothyroidism may show these signs:
- Lack of energy
- Brittle and coarse fur
- Mental dullness
There is no cure for hypothyroidism, but proper medication throughout the dog life can keep them healthy and active.
iii. Willebrand disease
Willebrand is a bleeding disorder that may occur due to the deficiency of Willebrand protein (clotting factor) in blood. The pups suffering from willebrand pass bloody urine. Bleeding may also occur from the nose, vagina, and gum line. The less severe form does not show these signs. There is no cure for Willebrand disease.
The amount of food can only be decided based on your dog size, age, and activity. A growing dog needs more food, but it should be given twice-a-day. Never leave food all day long in front of your dog; this may disturb their health.
Facts About the Rottweilers Dog Breed
1. Rottweilers Are Roman Dog Decedent
Rottweilers are counted as the oldest dogs, originating in the era of the roman empire in the city of Rottweil. The German drover dogs are the ancient ancestors of Rottweilers. The job of Rottweilers is to march with the army and protect their lives and livestock.
In the long history, Rottweilers are used to perform different jobs like guarding the cattle and protecting humans and are now also used to serve the police and army.
2. The Livestock Guardians
As their ancestors were drovers whose job was to herd the cattle of the Roman army, the rottweiler was likewise used for herding.
At the peak of the Russian empire, when they were extending their army, feeding them was the real problem. In those days, they started to use Rottweiler puppies who heard the livestock that ran with those military men. Now they are treated like sheep and shepherd dogs.
In German Rotties are called Rottweiler Metzgerhund which means the butcher’s dog. This name shows the role of a rottweiler as the guard of butchered meat. The butchers use them to pull the meat cart and carry it to the market. Later on, with the development of fast means of transport, this role was replaced.
3. They Are Your Money Guard
Considering their strength and high level of loyalty, people also use them as money guards. Cattlemen and butchers use this dog to guard their money. They hang their money bags in the neck of their rottweiler dog so the thieves don’t dare to touch those bags.
4. The New Role of Rotties As Police Dogs
Before the 19th-century, Rottweilers were considered as all-in-one solution puppies, but in the early 19th, their role became extinct due to railway hauling. But soon, the police department started to use the Rotties due to its strength.
But what’s their job in the police and military?
There are different roles for these puppies. For instance, they can be used for search and rescue. The military men also use them as guard dogs in K -9 units.
What makes them a good candidate for police dogs?
Although German shepherd dogs are a common name when we talk about police dogs. But currently due to some weakness in their physical abilities and temperament, Rottweilers are replacing them.
These characteristics in the Rotties make it the best fit for police dogs. Here are a few of them:
- The Rottweilers come under the list of top ten intelligent dogs. Their canine intelligence, superb perception, and loyalty make them the best fit for a police dog.
- They must be strong enough because the police dogs have to walk miles in a single day. The Rotties also fulfill this demand.
- An adult male Rottweiler can reach up to 130 pounds weight and 22 to 27 inches tall.
- Rottweilers are very obedient and loyal to their human master. This is the reason it is an ideal candidate for the K-9 unit.
5. Rottweiler Are Dangerous
Rottweilers are dangerous, but still they are used as pet dogs because they are aggressive only toward intruders. They have a large set of healthy teeth and strong muscles, and their attack can be fatal. But they remain friends with their family. Having a Rottie at your home is not dangerous for you, but it can be dangerous for your enemy.
Is the rottweiler dog breed endangered?
This story is now part of the past. There was a time when the rottweilers were going extinct due to their no role in human life. Thanks to Rotties lovers, who again introduce its role as a guard dog that increases its importance. Now they are the most popular in the United States.
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